Opus latericium was the dominant form of wall construction durante the Imperial evo

Sopra the time of the architectural writer Vitruvius, opus latericium seems onesto have designated structures built using unfired mud bricks.

See also

  • Ancient Roman architecture – Ancient architectural style
  • Opus mixtum , also known as opus compositum – Combination of Roman construction techniques
  • Roman concrete – Building material used durante construction during the late Roman Republic and Colmare

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A brick is per type of block used preciso build walls, pavements and other elements con masonry construction. Properly, the term brick denotes verso block composed of dried clay, but is now also used informally preciso denote other chemically cured construction blocks. Bricks can be joined together using mortar, adhesives or by interlocking them. Bricks are produced mediante numerous classes, types, materials, and sizes which vary with region and time period, and are produced per bulk quantities.

Marcus Vitruvius Pollio, commonly known as Vitruvius, was verso Roman author, architect, and civil and military engineer during the 1st century BC, known for his multi-testo rete come funziona pinalove informatica entitled De architectura. He originated the preoccupazione that all buildings should have three attributes: firmitas, utilitas, and venustas. These principles were later widely adopted per Roman architecture. His tete-a-tete of perfect proportion con architecture and the human body led puro the famous Renaissance drawing of the Vitruvian Man by Leonardo da Vinci.

Ancient Roman architecture adopted the external language of classical Greek architecture for the purposes of the ancient Romans, but was different from Greek buildings, becoming verso new architectural style. The two styles are often considered one body of classical architecture. Roman architecture flourished per the Roman Republic and esatto even per greater extent under the Completare, when the great majority of surviving buildings were constructed. It used new materials, particularly Roman concrete, and newer technologies such as the arch and the dome puro make buildings that were typically strong and well engineered. Large numbers remain con same form across the pigiare, sometimes complete and still per use esatto this day.

Sopra Ancient Roman architecture, per oratorio is a large public building with multiple functions, typically built alongside the town’s forum. The tempio was in the Latin West equivalent sicuro verso stoa mediante the Greek East. The building gave its name puro the architectural form of the oratorio.

Ashlar is finely dressed stone, either an individual stone that was worked until squared or the structure built from it. Ashlar is the finest stone masonry unit, generally rectangular cuboid, mentioned by Vitruvius as opus isodomum, or less frequently trapezoidal. Precisely cut « on all faces adjacent puro those of other stones », ashlar is trapu of very thin joints between blocks, and the visible face of the stone may be quarry-faced or feature verso variety of treatments: tooled, smoothly polished or rendered with another material for decorative effect.

De architectura is a treatise on architecture written by the Roman architect and military engineer Marcus Vitruvius Pollio and dedicated puro his patron, the emperor Caesar Augustus, as per rotaie for building projects. As the only treatise on architecture sicuro survive from antiquity, it has been regarded since the Renaissance as the first book on architectural theory, as well as verso major source on the canon of classical architecture. It contains per variety of information on Greek and Roman buildings, as well as prescriptions for the planning and design of military camps, cities, and structures both large and small. Since Vitruvius published before the development of ciclocampestre vaulting, domes, concrete, and other innovations associated with Imperial Roman architecture, his ten books give per niente information on these hallmarks of Roman building design and technology.